North America: Physical Geography | National Geographic Society (2023)

North America, the third largestcontinent, extends from the Lesser Aleutian Islandsislandsto the northwestIsthmusdo Panama not in the south. a

continent

includes the giant

Island

of Greenland in the north-east and the small

Island

Countries and territories dotting the Caribbean Sea and the western North Atlantic. In the far north, the

continent

covers half the world, from Greenland to the Aleutian Islands. But in the narrowest part of Panama, the

continent

It is only 50 kilometers wide.

North Americaphysical geography,vicinityjresources, Shehuman geographycan be considered separately.

North America can be divided into fiveThe region: the mountainous west, thegreat plans, aCanadian shield, the varied East

Region

, and the Caribbean. The west coast of Mexico and Central America is connected to the mountainous west, while its lowlands andcoastal plainsspread to the east

Region

.

within this

The region

are all major types ofBiomein the world. ONE

Biome

It is a community of animals and plants that extends over a large area with a relatively even distribution.air-conditioned🇧🇷 Anyanders

Biome

are represented in North AmericaDesert,Prado,Tundra, Shecoral reefs.

western region

In the west rise young mountains. The most famous of these mountains are probably the Rocky Mountains, the highest mountain range in North America. The Rocky Mountains extend from theprovincefrom British Columbia, Canada, to the US state of New Mexico.

The Rocky Mountains are part of a parallel systemmountain rangesKnown asmountain ranges🇧🇷 ONE

mountains

is a long line of

mountain ranges

. Trotz

mountain ranges

there are all over the world, in North America, "the

mountain ranges

' indicate the massive

mountain ranges

in the western part of

continent

. Los

mountain ranges

route from Canada all the way

Isthmus

from Panama

The Sierra Madre mountain system is part of the

mountain ranges

🇧🇷 The Sierra Madre extends from the Southwest of the USA to Honduras. The Sierra Madre includes many tall volcanoes (up to 5,636 meters or 18,500 feet) that stretch across Mexico south of the cities of Guadalajara and Mexico City.

Volcanic

mountain ranges

in Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama are also considered part of

mountain ranges

.volcanic eruptionsjTrembleoften occurs

Region

🇧🇷 Volcanic activity can destroy cities and communities. It also contributes to the rich,fruitful Floorsagain

Region

.

Some of the youngest mountains on earth are in the Cascade Range of the US states of Washington, Oregon and California. Some peaks only began forming a million years ago, a blink of an eye in Earth's long history. The mountains belongtemperedRegenBosque-one

Biome

unique in the area. That

tempered

Regen

Bosque

you get an incredible amountprecipitation, between 254 to 508 centimeters (100 to 200 inches) per year. However, its cold winters and mild summers favor the growth of mosses, ferns, fungi, etcweave.

Los

tempered

Regen

Bosque

supports a diverse life. Sitka spruce, western red cedar, and Douglas spruce are trees native to North America.

tempered

Regen

Bosque

🇧🇷 Some of these trees reach a height of over 90 meters and a diameter of 3 meters. Black bears, Roosevelt elk and marmots areindigenousanimal species.

the first three

Desert

The region

of North America - Sonorense, Mojave and Chihuahuan - are all located in the southwestern United States and northern Mexico. this big

deserts

are located inRain Treasuresfrom the nearby mountains. the mountain block

precipitation

jacceleratethe movement from hot to dryVentoin these

The region

🇧🇷 Sonora is in

Rain Treasures

of the Coast Range, the Mojave lies in the shadow of the Sierra Nevada and the Chihuahuense lies in the shadow of the Sierra Madre.

Unable

Desert

Plant species include the saguaro cactus, joshua tree, and mesquite. Animal species include the roadrunner, the Gila monster, and the rattlesnake.

beyond the mountains,

deserts

, She

forests

, the northern part of the West

Region

North America also has the richest depositsoiljnatural gasabout that

continent

🇧🇷 Most of these insoles areno sea, noArcticand Pacific.

great plans

Los

great plans

lie in the middle

continent

. deep, rich

s

oil

covers large areas of the plains in Canada and the United States. Grain grown in it

Region

Dubbed the “breadbasket of North America,” it feeds much of the world. That

great plans

They also harbor rich deposits

oil

j

natural gas

.

Many

fruitful

s

oil

formed from material deposited during the lastice age🇧🇷 This ice age peaked about 18,000 years ago. As the glaciers retreated, rivers of melting ice gushed out.Sedimenton Earth, build up production shifts

s

oil

.

Los

Prado

ÖPrado

The region

again

great plans

make the most of it

Biome

in North America. ExtremeClimateprevents the growth of large plants, but is suitable for native grasses that dominate this

Region

.

Native grasses are 2 meters (7 feet) tall in tall grasses

pastures

for only 8 to 10 inches (20 to 25 centimeters) in short grass

pastures

🇧🇷 Native animal species include bison,

Prado

dogs and grasshoppers.

Canadian shield

Los

Canadian shield

it is high but relatively flatPlateau🇧🇷 It spans eastern, central and northwestern Canada. That

Canadian shield

is characterized by a rocky landscape pierced by a surprising numberLagos.

Los

Tundra

, extends to the northlimitsfrom Alaska and Canada to Hudson's Bay, is a

Biome

usual for

Canadian shield

.

Tundra

is where the low temperatures and

precipitation

levelsimpedetree growth

Tundra

is characterized by ...permafrost

s

oil

frozen for two or more years. east

permafrost

keeps moisture out

s

oil

of the surface, which favors the growth of vegetation also in an extreme way,

Arctic

conditions of

Tundra

.

In the summer, this top layer of

s

oil

thaws down less than 10 centimeters (only a few inches) and forms numerous

Lagos

, ponds etcswamps.

weave

, Moose, Algen usucculentsEnjoy these shallow waters. They in turn provide food for the caribou and musk oxen typical of the region.

eastern region

is diverse

Region

includes the Appalachian Mountains and the Atlantic

coastal plain

.

oldest North America

mountain ranges

, including the Appalachian Mountains, are native to near the east coast of the United States and Canada. These areas were mined for rich depositsMoneyand othermineralsfor hundreds of years.

the Atlantic

coastal plain

extends fromRio,swamp, Shewetland

The region

east of the mountains towards the sandbeachesfrom the Atlantic coast.

wetland

The areas are one

Biome

from the east

Region

and consist of land areas whose

s

oil

esoverfilledwith permanent or seasonal humidity. the floridaswampIt's the biggest

wetland

in the United States and covers more than 4,300 square miles (11,137 square kilometers) of South Florida.

Los

swamp

it's biological

anders

Region

and contains several

Border

ecosystems🇧🇷 Saw grass

swamps

they are the mosticonicplant community of

swamp

and thrive in the sluggish waters of

wetlands

🇧🇷 Alligators nest in the grass, while shorebirds such as egrets, great egrets, spoonbills and ibises find their breeding sites elsewhere.

wetland

Tree species such as cypress and mangrove.

Caribbean region

the caribbean

Region

includes over 7,000

islands

, islands, reefs andChaves. Los

Region

von

islands

and the smaller islands are varied in theirTopography🇧🇷 Some have relatively flat, sandy terrain, while others are rugged, mountainous and volcanic.

Los

coral reefs

j

Chaves

of the Caribbean Sea are among the most spectacular

Biome

in North America. A reef is a ridge of jagged rock, coral, or sand just above or below the ocean's surface. Any

coral reefs

Seek

islands

like the Bahamas, Antigua and Barbados. Others are in the Florida Keys, a chain of

Chaves

-little

islands

is in one

Coral reef

Platform – on the south coast of the US state of Florida.

coral reefs

They are made up of millions of tiny animals (corals) that form a hard shell around their bodies. This hard surface offers a rich community of algae and plants such as seaweed. Colorful tropical fish as well as sharks, sea turtles, starfish and seahorses call the Caribbean home.

coral reefs

.

natural wonders

The varied landscape of North America offers many natural wonders. It has deep canyons, like Copper Canyon in the Mexican state of Chihuahua. Denali, the

continent

The highest peak is at 6,194 meters (20,320 feet) in Denali National Park and Preserve in the US state of Alaska. Yellowstone National Park in the US states of Wyoming, Montana and Idaho has some of the most active parks in the world.mutual🇧🇷 The Bay of Fundy in Canada has the largestsea ​​rangein the world. The great

Lagos

make up the largest area on earthfresh water. El Mississippi

Rio

, at 3,730 kilometers (2,320 miles) long, is one of the longest

Rio

worldwide and drains all or part of 31 US states.

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